Gastritis. Symptoms, causes, types and treatment of gastritisHastritis (Latin gastritis) – inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, which leads to an imbalance in its work, and as a consequence, to a violation of the digestibility of food. As a result, a person lacks the necessary energy and strength to maintain the health of the whole organism.
Like most other diseases, gastritis occurs in acute or chronic form. But usually differentiate gastritis with reduced, normal and high acidity of the stomach.
Acute gastritis – is characterized mainly by inflammatory changes in the stomach caused by a single exposure to strong stimuli (see Causes of gastritis).
Chronic gastritis – accompanied by structural rearrangement and progressive atrophy of the mucosa.
Gastritis is dangerous because if it is treated wrongly or if the stomach mucous membranes are damaged by concentrated acids, alkalis or chemicals, the disease can lead to death. In addition, gastritis can be a harbinger of oncological processes in the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract).
Causes of gastritis The causes of gastritis
Causes of acute gastritis
- the use of poor-quality food or food contaminated with pathogens;
- infection, especially due to ingestion of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (is the causative agent of gastritis with increased acidity of gastric juice);
- getting into the stomach of strong chemical irritants (toxins);
- Regular use of strong spirits;
- taking certain medications, especially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for example: Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Acetylsalicylic Acid, Ketoprofen, Diclofenac, Indomethacin;
- as a result of the disease by other diseases;
- Dysbacteriosis in the stomach;
- metabolic disease.